Romania is a country in Central Europe. The name Romania is a derivative of the Latin word Romanus, meaning “citizen of Rome”. Some of the oldest human remains estimated at being 42,000 years old were unearthed in the “Cave With Bones”. Romania is also home of one of the world’s oldest salt works located at Poiana Slatinei. Between 87-106AD the Romans led several military campaigns into Romania before Emperor Trajan defeated Dacia and annexed parts of the country to the Roman Empire leading to a period of intense romanization.
Following World War II Romania became a Soviet-aligned state and a new “pro-Soviet” government were formed and the country renamed the People’s Republic of Romania. King Michael was eventually forced to abdicate and seek exile. The communist government eventually fell in December 1989.
During the communist years, many historical statues and memorials were destroyed to remove all reminders of Romania’s past. Following the fall of communism, some of those statues were recast or restored and erected again. Throughout the country, there are now numerous memorials to those who gave their lives in the fight for democracy.